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Description of Amun
Amun (“hidden”), in Egyptian mythology, is the sun god. The sacred animal of Amun is the ram and the goose (both are symbols of wisdom). Amun was depicted as a man (sometimes with a ram’s head), with a scepter and in a crown, with two high feathers and a sun disk. The cult of Amun originated in Thebes and then spread throughout Egypt. Amun’s wife, the sky goddess Mut, and his son, the moon god Khonsu, were with him the Theban triad. Later, Amun acquired the status of the beloved and especially revered god of the pharaohs, and during the Eighteenth Dynasty of the ancient Egyptian rulers he was declared the head of the Egyptian gods. Amun-Ra granted victories to the Pharaoh and was considered his father. Amun is the creator god of everything, the lord of the world, all gods, people and objects exist in him invisibly, the ruling Pharaoh is the son of Amun from his marriage with the queen-mother.
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Egyptian main description
Egyptian SymbolsEgyptian hieroglyphics are arguably one of the most famous examples of symbolism across history. Created by the ancient Egyptians, this served as their formal writing system. Hieroglyphics can be dated back to the 32nd century BC, and perhaps even earlier. Evidence demonstrates that this writing system continued into the Roman period of the 4th century AD. However, much of the knowledge of hieroglyphics and their meanings were lost after the end of pagan temples in the 5th century. There was no existing knowledge of what these symbols meant, how they were meant to be read and their significance. Hieroglyphics were decoded in the 1820s with the aid of the Rosetta Stone by Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion. These symbols are not just phonetic sounds or symbols. In fact, they are a combination of different elements. As Jean-François Champollion discovered, hieroglyphics are a “complex system” that encompasses “figurative, symbolic, and phonetic all at once.” For many Egyptians, this form of writing was seen as the “words of God” and thus used by priests. Generally, hieroglyphics in cursive form were used for religious texts and engraved into wood or written on papyrus. They are written in rows or columns and can be read either left to right or right to left. The direction can be established by seeing which way the human or animal figure faces at the beginning of the line.