The word “Eskimo” has been substituted with the term “Inuit” to describe inhabitants of the North American Arctic. The Inuit people’s ancestral home is a large area of frozen land and water that reaches from Greenland in the east to Alaska in the west. For thousands of years, the Inuit have inhabited the Arctic region of North America. The Inuit, who sprang from an early Siberian people, came to the New World after Native Americans. They arrived in Arctic North America after navigating the Bering Strait, where they created their own distinct culture.
The Inuit people shared similar religious principles and used the same natural resources during the time of the European encounter, which occurred in the 1500s. Life was a daily battle for existence, and the prospect of famine was inescapable. The Inuit did not know a God or a pantheon of gods to be adored. The Inuit had the view that their lives were influenced by the ferocious forces of nature. These forces concentrated on balancing human demands and those of the rest of the earth. The Inuit held that all living things had a soul that determined their power and character besides their outward appearance. After passing away, people’s souls joined the stars in the heavens before becoming spirits. Animals’ spirits lived on in the next generation of their kind after they passed away. To ensure the well-being of the spirits, the Inuit adhered to significant norms in their everyday lives. There were several taboos, or prohibitions, surrounding hunting and handling dead animal bodies. The Inuit performed rites and ceremonies to respect the spirits, and they adhered to significant taboos to ensure their good behavior. Powerful spirits capable of carrying out retaliatory deeds against individuals in the Inuit society. Using magical phrases, however, allowed regular people to communicate with the spirits and request assistance. Magical words were kept extremely close to the vest since they lost their potency if they were said in front of another person. A piece of fur sewed to clothes, an animal tooth, claw, or bone is worn as a necklace or on a belt are some examples of magical charms or amulets that people have worn throughout history. Amulets had a spiritual connection and provided the bearer with the strength and personality of the animal whose item they were. People turned to Angatoks, or shamans, for assistance when they were unable to calm furious spirits on their own. Shamans had an extremely close relationship with spirits and had access to visions that were not available to other men. They possessed the ability to tame ghosts and malicious spirits, as well as to heal disease, put an end to terrible weather, and revive dead animals.