The Goldfish is considered very lucky in Chinese culture. A representation of unity, loyalty, abundance, good fortune, and wealth, the fish have many positive connotations associated with it. The main reason that the fish are considered as a symbol of luck in Chinese culture is connected with language. The Chinese word for fish very closely resembles the word for surplus in the language, and therefore the reason for that connection. And this connection to fish and abundance runs deep. For example, during the auspicious Spring Festival, fish is prepared and left uneaten by families. This is to represent the desire to have extra, or surplus during the year. Because the fish are able to live a long life, they are connected with the idea of longevity. And their behavior of swimming in pairs leads to the connection of unity and loyalty. Fish are also representative of fertility, because of their own abilities to copulate and procreate on a large scale.
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Chinese main description
Chinese culture is dominated by its symbols. From the way the language itself is written to the connections with nature and feng shui, Chinese culture is rich in symbolism. Most of the symbols are its characters, such as the fu, lou, and shou, which are all connected to luck, wealth, and prosperity. Other symbols such as the Laughing Buddha and the Lucky Cat are evolutions of culture that have also come to represent good luck and good fortune. Chinese mythology itself is rich in symbols, especially its dragons. Collectively, the dragons present in the lore are symbols of potent and auspicious powers. This is especially reflected in the control the dragons wield over the elements. Responsible for water, rainfall, typhoons, and floods, the dragons exert great control over the land and the people.
This is also why the dragons that Chinese mythology is founded on have become universal symbols of power and strength across the region and globally as well. Within Chinese language and culture, there are many symbols for good luck, wealth, and longevity but particularly luck. These symbols are used most often during weddings and important occasions such as Chinese New Year. The symbols in Chinese culture act as a way to invite good fortune and luck in and to keep bad spirits away. The colors used for the symbols also have meaning. For example, red is considered a lucky color (it is also the national color of China) and it represents wealth, status and power - which is why it is used so often in many of these symbols, to invite these same concepts into everyday life as well.