Horus Egyptian God (“height”, “sky”), in Egyptian mythology, is the god of the sky and the sun in the guise of a falcon, a man with the head of a falcon or a winged sun, the son of the goddess of fertility Isis and Osiris, the god of productive forces. His symbol is a sun disc with outstretched wings. Initially, the falcon god was revered as a predatory hunting god, clawing at prey with its claws.
According to the myth, Isis conceived Horus from the dead Osiris, cunningly killed by the formidable god of the desert Set, his brother.
Having retired deep into the swampy delta of the Nile, Isis gave birth and raised a son who, having matured, in a dispute with Seth, achieves recognition of himself as the only heir of Osiris. The god Horus was considered the patron saint of the royal house, the royal dynasty and the pharaoh. In Egypt, the name Horus was included in the royal title. The living ancient Egyptian pharaoh was represented as the embodiment of the god Horus.
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Egyptian main description
Egyptian hieroglyphics are arguably one of the most famous examples of symbolism across history. Created by the ancient Egyptians, this served as their formal writing system. Hieroglyphics can be dated back to the 32nd century BC, and perhaps even earlier. Evidence demonstrates that this writing system continued into the Roman period of the 4th century AD. However, much of the knowledge of hieroglyphics and their meanings were lost after the end of pagan temples in the 5th century. There was no existing knowledge of what these symbols meant, how they were meant to be read and their significance.
Hieroglyphics were decoded in the 1820s with the aid of the Rosetta Stone by Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion. These symbols are not just phonetic sounds or symbols. In fact, they are a combination of different elements. As Jean-François Champollion discovered, hieroglyphics are a “complex system” that encompasses “figurative, symbolic, and phonetic all at once.” For many Egyptians, this form of writing was seen as the “words of God” and thus used by priests.
Generally, hieroglyphics in cursive form were used for religious texts and engraved into wood or written on papyrus. They are written in rows or columns and can be read either left to right or right to left. The direction can be established by seeing which way the human or animal figure faces at the beginning of the line.