Mut is one of the most important goddesses of Egyptian mythology, is the queen of heaven of the Theban triad (wife of Amun and mother Khonsu; adoptive mother of the god of war Montu), patroness of motherhood, “mother of mothers”. Mut is, first of all, the role of the divine mother, comparable to the roles of Isis and Hathor. The reigning pharaoh was often considered her son. Therefore, there are many images, especially in the form of amulets, which show the goddess breastfeeding her son, the Pharaoh. The oldest images of the goddess date back to around 1700 BC. e. On them, Mut appears in the form of a woman with the head of a lioness, crowned with a solar disk and ureus. Instead of holding a traditional wand in her hands, she can hold a palm branch or a palm tree branch. It is in this form that Mut appears before us on a slightly later bas-relief of the temple in Luxor.
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Egyptian main description
Egyptian Symbols Egyptian hieroglyphics are arguably one of the most famous examples of symbolism across history. Created by the ancient Egyptians, this served as their formal writing system. Hieroglyphics can be dated back to the 32nd century BC, and perhaps even earlier. Evidence demonstrates that this writing system continued into the Roman period of the 4th century AD. However, much of the knowledge of hieroglyphics and their meanings were lost after the end of pagan temples in the 5th century. There was no existing knowledge of what these symbols meant, how they were meant to be read and their significance.
Hieroglyphics were decoded in the 1820s with the aid of the Rosetta Stone by Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion. These symbols are not just phonetic sounds or symbols. In fact, they are a combination of different elements. As Jean-François Champollion discovered, hieroglyphics are a “complex system” that encompasses “figurative, symbolic, and phonetic all at once.” For many Egyptians, this form of writing was seen as the “words of God” and thus used by priests.
Generally, hieroglyphics in cursive form were used for religious texts and engraved into wood or written on papyrus. They are written in rows or columns and can be read either left to right or right to left. The direction can be established by seeing which way the human or animal figure faces at the beginning of the line.