Osiris Egyptian God, in Egyptian mythology, is the god of the productive forces of nature, the lord of the afterlife, the judge in the kingdom of the dead. Osiris was the eldest son of the earth god Heb and the sky goddess Nut, brother and husband of Isis. Osiris reigned on earth after the gods Ra, Shu and Geb and taught the Egyptians agriculture, viticulture and winemaking, mining and processing of copper and gold ore, medical arts, city building, and established the cult of the gods. Usually Osiris was depicted as a man with green skin, sitting among trees, or with a vine entwined around his figure. It was believed that, like the entire plant world, Osiris dies annually and is reborn to a new life, but the fertilizing life force in him is preserved even in the dead.
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Egyptian main description
Egyptian hieroglyphics are arguably one of the most famous examples of symbolism across history. Created by the ancient Egyptians, this served as their formal writing system. Hieroglyphics can be dated back to the 32nd century BC, and perhaps even earlier. Evidence demonstrates that this writing system continued into the Roman period of the 4th century AD. However, much of the knowledge of hieroglyphics and their meanings were lost after the end of pagan temples in the 5th century. There was no existing knowledge of what these symbols meant, how they were meant to be read and their significance.
Hieroglyphics were decoded in the 1820s with the aid of the Rosetta Stone by Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion. These symbols are not just phonetic sounds or symbols. In fact, they are a combination of different elements. As Jean-François Champollion discovered, hieroglyphics are a “complex system” that encompasses “figurative, symbolic, and phonetic all at once.” For many Egyptians, this form of writing was seen as the “words of God” and thus used by priests.
Generally, hieroglyphics in cursive form were used for religious texts and engraved into wood or written on papyrus. They are written in rows or columns and can be read either left to right or right to left. The direction can be established by seeing which way the human or animal figure faces at the beginning of the line.