Serket – in ancient Egyptian mythology, is the scorpion-shaped patron goddess of the dead, the daughter of Ra, who helps him defeat enemies. This is one of the oldest goddesses, whose cult was known even in the predynastic period. The story of the great warrior Menes, known as the King of Scorpions, is associated with the image of Serket. Under the auspices of the Scorpion Goddess, Menes won many wars and became her loyal priest. The name “Serket” is derived from the expression “serket hetit” – “giving breath to the throat”. As you know, a scorpion bite leads to a spasm of the upper respiratory tract and only the scorpion goddess Serket can ward off the harm of the poison and return a person’s breath. The most ancient function of the goddess – protection from scorpions and cure from their bites, as well as the protection and snake charming. In the era of the Old Kingdom, Serket received the status of the protector of the throne and the pharaoh.
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Egyptian main description
Egyptian Symbols Egyptian hieroglyphics are arguably one of the most famous examples of symbolism across history. Created by the ancient Egyptians, this served as their formal writing system. Hieroglyphics can be dated back to the 32nd century BC, and perhaps even earlier. Evidence demonstrates that this writing system continued into the Roman period of the 4th century AD. However, much of the knowledge of hieroglyphics and their meanings were lost after the end of pagan temples in the 5th century. There was no existing knowledge of what these symbols meant, how they were meant to be read and their significance.
Hieroglyphics were decoded in the 1820s with the aid of the Rosetta Stone by Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion. These symbols are not just phonetic sounds or symbols. In fact, they are a combination of different elements. As Jean-François Champollion discovered, hieroglyphics are a “complex system” that encompasses “figurative, symbolic, and phonetic all at once.” For many Egyptians, this form of writing was seen as the “words of God” and thus used by priests.
Generally, hieroglyphics in cursive form were used for religious texts and engraved into wood or written on papyrus. They are written in rows or columns and can be read either left to right or right to left. The direction can be established by seeing which way the human or animal figure faces at the beginning of the line.