Description of Shinsaku Takasugi
Takasugi Shinsaku (1839 – 1867) was a samurai from the Chōshū Domain of Japan. He played an important role during the Meiji Restoration. Takasugi’s main goal was modernizing the Choshu army, and he was a strong warrior in battle. During the Meiji Restoration, Takasugi Shinsaku was a firm believer in keeping foreigners at bay. He advocated the seclusion and expelling the foreigners from Japan. In 1862, Takasugi was ordered to go to Shanghai, China to see how much power Western influence had gained on the region despite Japan’s policy of national isolation during this period. When arriving at Shanghai, Takasugi was shocked to see how widespread European imperialism had become. Upon his return to Japan, he strongly advised that Japan needed to strengthen itself in order to avoid the same fate as China.
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Japan main description The Japanese family crests or Mons have a similar role as the English family crests. The Japanese family crest symbols, or Mons are a coat of arms used to represent families and individuals, and more recently, businesses and institutions. There is little known about the origin of these crests and the Japanese family crest symbols, but it is commonly believed that the tradition started as a fabric pattern to identify aristocratic families and individuals. It eventually evolved to being used in battles, and then became a common way of identification, even for commoners. In terms of design, there were no hard and fast rules. There seemed to be a general consensus to use a roundel that would encircle some sort of figure when designing Japanese family crest symbols. This could be a plant, a man-made shape, a natural or celestial figure as one part of it. Other mon used religious symbols, kanji, and other shapes in their design as well. The mon was also designed to be monochromatic, and colors were generally eschewed.
For commoners, however, the use of the mon, or the Japanese family crest symbol was tricky. If they had none, they would either adapt the mon of their patron or organization, or failing that, used what would be considered inappropriate mons, or developed their own altogether. The usage and choice of mons came with their own rules and were largely dictated by social customs - and its usage was monitored and enforced. For example, it was considered inappropriate to use a mon or Japanese family crest symbol already in use by someone else, and especially offensive if held by someone of a higher rank. If a situation such as that occurred, the lower-ranking person would have to change their mon or Japanese family crest symbol in order to avoid any offense or wrongdoing. Mons held by the ruling Japanese clans were legally protected and could not be used by others.