Thots Egyptian God or Djehuty, in Egyptian mythology, is the god of the moon, wisdom, counting and writing, the patron of sciences, scribes, sacred books, the creator of the calendar. The wife of Thoth was considered the goddess of truth and order, Maat. The sacred animals of Thoth were the ibis and the baboon, and therefore the god was often depicted as a man with the head of an ibis, sometimes with papyrus and a writing instrument in his hands. The Egyptians associated the arrival of the ibis-Thoth with the seasonal floods of the Nile. He, identified with the moon, was considered the heart of the god Ra and was depicted behind the Ra-sun, since he was his night substitute. Thoth was credited with creating the entire intellectual life of Egypt. “Lord of time”, he divided it into years, months, days and kept track of them. The wise Thoth wrote down the birthdays and deaths of people, kept chronicles, and also created writing and taught the Egyptians to count, write, mathematics, medicine and other sciences.
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Egyptian main description
Egyptian hieroglyphics are arguably one of the most famous examples of symbolism across history. Created by the ancient Egyptians, this served as their formal writing system. Hieroglyphics can be dated back to the 32nd century BC, and perhaps even earlier. Evidence demonstrates that this writing system continued into the Roman period of the 4th century AD. However, much of the knowledge of hieroglyphics and their meanings were lost after the end of pagan temples in the 5th century. There was no existing knowledge of what these symbols meant, how they were meant to be read and their significance.
Hieroglyphics were decoded in the 1820s with the aid of the Rosetta Stone by Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion. These symbols are not just phonetic sounds or symbols. In fact, they are a combination of different elements. As Jean-François Champollion discovered, hieroglyphics are a “complex system” that encompasses “figurative, symbolic, and phonetic all at once.” For many Egyptians, this form of writing was seen as the “words of God” and thus used by priests.
Generally, hieroglyphics in cursive form were used for religious texts and engraved into wood or written on papyrus. They are written in rows or columns and can be read either left to right or right to left. The direction can be established by seeing which way the human or animal figure faces at the beginning of the line.