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Greek Mythology Symbols Meanings

Greek Mythology Symbols - Greek Mythology Meanings

Greek mythology remains one of the most popular and epic mythologies in existence today. For centuries, Greek tales and tragedies have enchanted the world and this continues to be the case. Greek mythology symbols revolve around gods, heroes, and rituals that the ancient Greek followed and most of these were considered to be true. These myths explained many elements of the natural and physical world and phenomena that were in existence.

Greek mythology also had some more somber tales and legends that were meant to serve as warnings of what could befall those who fall suit to more negative personality traits. These myths also served as a connection to religion in ancient Greece. These fables explained how gods originated, their lives, afterlife and other elements of living. And ultimately, the myths also served as a reminder of the past-ancestors, wars, and exploration. These myths have been immortalized in the literature and arts of many different regions, leading to its continuing popularity.
Roman Mythology is based on Greek Mythology for this reason we added a Roman name translation to a large number of gods and goddesses.

Hydra Greek Mythology symbol

Hydra

The Hydra is a serpentine water monster. It is described as a humongous snake sea monster with approximately nine heads. One of the heads of the Hydra is said to be immortal. Hidden on the island of Argos, the Hydra would target the livestock and population of nearby Lerna. According to legend, if one head of the Hydra was beheaded, two new would emerge from the wound.

Urania Greek Mythology symbol

Urania

The muse of astronomy, Urania was the daughter of Zeus by Mnemosyne. She is known for fortune-telling abilities by seeing the arrangement of the stars. Urania is often associated with Universal Love and the Holy Spirit. The eldest of the divine sisters, Urania is said to have inherited Zeus’ majesty and the beauty of her mother Mnemosyne.

Tethys Greek Mythology symbol

Tethys

Tethys was one of the Titan offspring of Uranus (Sky) and Gaia (Earth). She is the goddess of fresh water and nursing. Tethys was the wife of Okeanos (Oceanus), the earth-encircling, fresh-water stream. She has a vast amount of children, these include: the Potamoi (Rivers), the Okeanides (Oceanids) (nymphs of springs, streams and fountains), and the Nephelai (Clouds).

Parthenope Greek Mythology symbol

Parthenope

Parthenope was one of the Sirens in Greek mythology. According to legend, Parthenope lived in the Tyrrhenian Sea with her sisters Ligeia and Leucosia. She wast he daughter of the god Achelous and the Muse Terpsichore. As legend states, Parthenope cast herself into the sea and drowned when her singing voice failed to lure Odysseus. Her body washed up in Naples, and led to founding of the city.

Chloris - Flora Greek Mythology symbol

Chloris – Flora

Chloris is the goddess of flowers in Greek mythology. In Roman mythology, she is known as Flora. She is also associated with the season of spring. Chloris is a symbol for nature and flowers (especially the may-flower). She is one of the many fertility goddesses in Roman religion.

Tyche - Fortuna Greek Mythology symbol

Tyche – Fortuna

Tyche, also known as Fortuna, was the goddess of fortune. Fortuna or Tyche were seen as the personification of luck in Roman religion and Greek mythology. She may either bring good or bad luck. Fortuna represented the fickle nature of life. Tyche is the daughter of Aphrodite and Zeus or Hermes. In Roman mythology her name is Fortuna.

Hebe - Juventas Greek Mythology symbols

Hebe – Juventas

Hebe is the goddess of youth or the prime of life. The daughter of Zeus and Hera, Hebe was the cupbearer for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus. She would serve their nectar and ambrosia. She then married Heracles (Roman equivalent: Hercules). Hebe was also known as the goddess of forgiveness or mercy. She also had power of eternal youth and was able to restore mortals to their younger selves. In Roman mythology her name is Juventas.

Chronos Greek Mythology symbols

Chronos

Kronos or Chronos was the king of Titans, and the god of time. He was viewed as a destructive, all-devouring force. Kronos originally ruled the Cosmos, and swallowed his children in fear of a prophecy foretold that he would be overthrown. However, his wife Rhea saved their youngest son Zeus and hid him from Kronos. When Zeus was old enough, he returned and forced Kronos to disgorge his swallowed siblings. Zeus then led a war against Kronos. Kronos was defeated, and Zeus along with his brothers Poseidon and Hades, established their rule in the universe.

Hades - Pluto Greek Mythology symbols

Hades – Pluto

Hades is the god of the dead and the king of the underworld. The eldest son of Kronos and Rhea, together with his brothers, Zeus and Poseidon, Hades defeated their father’s generation of gods. After defeating the Titans, the three established their rule in the universe. When creation was divided, Hades received the underworld, Zeus the sky, and Poseidon the sea. In Roman mythology his name is Pluto.

Hygeia Greek Mythology symbol

Hygeia

Hygeia is known as the goddess of good health. She is the daughter and attendant of the medicine-god Asklepios (Asclepius). Hygeia is also seen as a companion of the goddess Aphrodite. She is seen as the personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation.

Iris - Arcus Greek Mythology symbol

Iris – Arcus

Iris was the messenger of the Olympian gods and personifies the rainbow, therefore being its goddess. Iris is also the goddess of the sea and sky, since her father was a marine-god, and her mother a cloud-nymph. It was believed that Iris was responsible for replenishing rain clouds from seawater to provide bountiful rainfall. She serves as the link between the gods and humans, and is able to travel from end of the world to the other with the speed of the wind. In Roman mythology her name is Arcus.

Pan Greek Mythology symbol

Pan

Pan is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks. He is also known as the companion of nymphs. Pan is depicted as resembling a faun or a satyr as he is shown having the behind, legs, and horns of a goat. He is also known as the as the god of fields, groves, wooded glens. Because of his association with sex, Pan is also linked fertility the spring season.

Eros – Cupid Greek Mythology symbol

Eros – Cupid

Eros is the god of love. He is often depicted as mischevious and is known to be Aphrodite’s constant companion. Eros is known to light the flame of love in both god and men. Eros is usually shown with a bow and arrow, or a flaming torch to accomplish this. While is origins remain unknown, some myths that he was self-born to spur procreation. However, Eros has also been depicted as Aphrodite’s child from when she emerged from the sea foam. In Roman mythology his name is Cupid.

Asclepius – Aesculapius Greek Mythology symbol

Asclepius – Aesculapius

Asklepios (Asclepius) was the god of medicine. The son of Apollon and a princess, his mother died during childbirth. Apollon was forced to cut Asklepios out of the womb, which is how he received the name as it means “to cut open.” Taught the art of medicine, Asklepios was soon able to resurrect the dead. However, Zeus was displeased with this ability since it disturbed the natural order of life. Zeus then struck him with a thunderbolt and destroyed him.

Zeus – Jupiter Greek Mythology symbol

Zeus – Jupiter

Zeus was the King of the Gods and the god of the sky, weather, law and order, destiny and fate, and kingship. Zeus is one of the six children of the king and queen of Titans, Kronos and Rhea. Foretold that Kronos would be overthrown by one of his own, he swallowed his children to prevent this. Zeus however, was hidden in a cave by his mother Rhea. She instead gave Kronos a swaddled stone to swallow, and when Zeus was grown, he freed his siblings and killed Kronos to become King of the Gods. Zeus is associated with the thunderbolt. In Roman mythology his name is Jupiter.

Poseidon – Neptune Greek Mythology symbol

Poseidon – Neptune

Poseidon was the god of the sea, earthquakes, floods, drought and horses.
He is often depicted as an older man with a strong build and dark beard, holding a trident (a three-pronged fisherman’s spear). A brother of Zeus and Hades, creation was divided between the three of them. Poseidon was given all water, both salt and fresh. In Roman mythology his name is Neptune.

Hermes – Mercury Greek Mythology symbol

Hermes – Mercury

Hermes was the god of herds and flocks, travellers and hospitality, roads and trade, thievery and cunning, heralds and diplomacy, language and writing, athletic contests and gymnasiums, astronomy and astrology. He is also Zeus’ personal messenger. Hermes is also the god that guides souls into the underworld. He is also the inventor of the lyre. In Roman mythology his name is Mercury.

Hera – Juno Greek Mythology symbol

Hera – Juno

Hera is the queen of the gods, and the wife of Zeus. She is the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth. Hera is most known for her vengeful nature, and her jealousy towards Zeus and his multitude of lovers. Generally seen as a matronly figure, Hera is the patroness and protectress of married women, and blesses unions of marriage.
In Roman mythology her name is Juno.

Hephaestos - Vulcan Greek Mythology symbol

Hephaestus – Vulcan

Hephaestus is the god of fire, smiths, craftsmen, metalworking, stonemasonry and sculpture. He is married to Aphrodite, goddess of love. He is the son of Zeus and Hera. Hephaestus is the one who creates all of the weapons for Greek gods and is known for his masterful work. Hephaestus is venerated in cities such as Athens, which are known for their manufacturing industries. In Roman mythology his name is Vulcan.

Dionysos - Bacchus Greek Mythology symbol

Dionysus – Bacchus

Dionysus was the god of wine, vegetation, pleasure, festivity, madness and wild frenzy. Generally seen as a hedonistic figure, Dionysus is associated with pleasure and excess. Dionysus is the son of Zeus and the mortal Semele. As he is the god of wine, Dionysus played a popular role in larger Greek mythology. In Roman mythology his name is Bacchus.

Demeter – Cerere Greek Mythology symbol

Demeter – Cerere

Demeter was the goddess of agriculture, grain and bread who sustained mankind with the earth’s rich bounty. Associated with fertility and the harvest, she is also considered the goddess of the cycle of life and death. Demeter is the mother of Persephone, who is abducted by Hades. In her grief and search for Persephone, all seasons stop and the harvest dies. Zeus then intervenes to find Penelope and restore order on Earth. In Roman mythology her name is Cerere.

Artemis - Diana Greek Mythology symbol

Artemis – Diana

Goddess of the hunt and the moon, Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto as well as Apollo’s twin sister. She is also known as the goddess of childbirth and midwifery. Artemis’ symbols included a bow and arrow, a quiver and hunting knives. In Spartan times, she was one of the patron goddesses that sacrifices were dedicated to before a new military campaign begun. In Roman mythology her name is Diana.

Ares – Mars Greek Mythology symbol

Ares – Mars

Ares is the god of war. The son of Zeus and Hera, he is seen as a symbol of the he often chaos and violence of war. Compared to his sister Athena, who represents military strategy and intelligence, he is seen as the negative side of war. He is not often seen in Greek mythology, and when his presence does appear, it represents a destructive force. He was also the lover of Aphrodite while she was married to the craftsmen Hephaestus. In Roman mythology his name is Mars.

Apollon - Apollo Greek Mythology symbol

Apollon – Apollo

Apollon, synonymous with the sun and chariot, was the Olympian god of prophecy and oracles. He is also the god of music, song and poetry, archery, healing. He is usually depicted as a handsome, beardless young man with long hair. Apollo is often depicted with other items such as a wreath and branch of laurel, bow and quiver of arrows, and lyre. In Roman mythology is known as Apollo. In Roman mythology his name is Apollo.

Aphrodite – Venus Greek Mythology symbol

Aphrodite – Venus

Aphrodite was the Olympian goddess of love, beauty, pleasure and fertility. She is most often depicted as a beautiful woman and sometimes accompanied by the winged godling Eros (Love). Although her origins are not completely known, in Homer’s Iliad, Aphrodite is said to be the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Her symbols include a dove, apple, scallop shell and mirror. In Roman mythology her name is Venus.

Athene – Minerva Greek Mythology symbol

Athene – Minerva

Athena was the Olympian goddess of wisdom and knowledge, war, weaving, pottery and other crafts. She is mostly depicted with a shield and spear, and wearing a long robe. She is also shown wearing the aigis, a snake-trimmed cape adorned with the face of the Gorgon Medusa. In Roman mythology her name is Minerva.

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