Description of Koliada
The word ‘Koliada’ is derived from the Slavic word for ‘wheel’ or ‘cycle’. Koliada is the God of the new year and of the rising of the new sun each day. He represents the changing of the seasons and the Koliada festival is held after the winter solstice. It is likely that the English word ‘calendar’ is derived from this symbol name. Koliada is sometimes called Tausen.
General Slavic description Slavic symbols originate from Northern Europe and Eurasia. The Slavs, who were their creators, are an ethnic group that has existed in Europe since at least time of the Romans. Slavs are largest ethnic group in Europe that share a linguistic and cultural history. Ancient Slavs lived in tribal societies, presided over by tribal chieftains, and practiced a multi-theistic form of Paganism. Over time, however, tribes were consolidated and, not long after, most converted to Christianity. The symbols in this category predominantly originate from the pre-Christian period and related to the gods (bogs) of the Pagan Slavic mythology. The Slavic mythology personified many aspects of the world, with worshipers believing that waters, forests, households and even illnesses were represented or governed by spirts. Equally important to the Slavic mythology was the worship of ancestors, though the tribes did not keep ancestral records. It was believed that dead ancestors existed within the same spiritual plane as the Slavic deities. Also worshipped were primary gods, associated with the sun, moon, skies, heaven and the underworld. The Slavs believed in three planes of existence: the heavens, governed by Perun, Dazhbog, Mokosh and Lada, symbolized by the sun and the moon; the earthly plane, occupied by humanity; and the underworld, symbolized by snakes and darkness, ruled over by Veles. In the modern day, some ancient Slavic rituals persist in Eastern and Northern Europe. Others have been assimilated by Christian teaching and aligned with new beliefs. A new Pagan belief system, Rodnovery, has arisen in recent years, claiming to be a continuation of the ancient Slavic beliefs that Christianity replaced in the middle ages.